Experts In Vasectomy and Urological Treatments

Dr. Snoy is a general urologist. In addition to vasectomies he also treats:
• Bladder control
• Overactive bladder
• Bladder cancer
• Urinary incontinence
• Kidney stones
• Prostate disorders
• Prostate cancer
• Erectile dysfunction

Quick Guide to Kidney Stones

kidney stone also known as renal lithiasis is a group of calcium crystals or deposits that form inside the kidney where the urine resides. During urination, a variety of minerals and chemicals are excreted in the urine and sometimes these come together to form the premature stages of a kidney stone. When a kidney stone falls into the ureter, ample amounts of pain become more prevalent as the stone usually causes obstruction and prevents urine from draining out of the kidney properly. Kidney stones can range from the size of a grain of salt to an inch in diameter or larger.



Individuals that suspect having a kidney stone will experience one or more of the following symptoms:

  1. Pain during urination
  2. Blood in urine
  3. Sharp pain in the lower back/abdomen
  4. Nausea and vomiting accompanied by the pain

Keep in mind, small kidney stones may pass on their own without any symptoms.



Kidney stones have many causes and can affect any part of your urinary tract—from the kidneys to the bladder. Some common causes of kidney stones include:

1) not drinking enough water

2) medical conditions

3) family history of kidney stones

4) blockage of the urinary tract

5) digestive problems

6) repeating urinary tract infections



There are different terms for kidney stones depending on where they sit within the urinary tract:

  • Urolith: A stone anywhere within the urinary tract
  • Nephrolith: A stone within the kidney
  • Ureterolith: A stone within the ureter
  • Calculus: A stone within the body
  • Struvite: A stone that forms after a kidney infection
  • Cystine: A stone that forms as a result of a genetic disorder

New Developments:

Exciting news emerged from the American Urological Association that is the development of its first guidelines for the medical management of kidney stones.

There are 27 statements within the guidelines developed by Dr. Margaret S. Pearle, MD, PhD, that encompass factors involved with kidney stones. A list of the guidelines can be found here. Oftentimes, kidney stones have various causes and can affect any part of your urinary tract.

For a more in-depth discussion of kidney stones and their affect on the urinary tract, check out this article.

If you would like advice about better kidney function, please call our office for an appointment, (505) 872-4091.