This is a cancer of young men. It usually presents in the teenage years, twenties and thirties. It becomes increasingly uncommon in the forties, fifties and later years. Men usually will discover a lump or firm area in the testicle which is not particularly painful. Unfortunately patients don’t always seek medical evaluation very quickly.
There are several types of testis cancer. They are treated with surgery, radiation and chemotherapy depending on the tumor type. Men should do testicular self exam or TSE monthly just like women should do monthly breast exams. Urologists recommend that once a month, say on the first day of each month you should examine the testicles in a warm shower when they are hanging low and easily examined. Watch for lumps or bumps or changes from previous examinations. If you are concerned about any changes you should see your doctor and possibly get an ultrasound examination.